By Captn. Ted Lund
Approaching the dock — particularly in front of a crowded marina — can be one of the most nerve-racking experiences on the water. But it really shouldn't be. I've got ten simple rules that, if followed to the letter, will not only make you better at close-quarters maneuvering and docking but will also make you a better all-around boater.
Rule No. 1: Never approach the dock faster than you are willing to hit it.
Rule No. 2: There is room for only one captain on your vessel.
Rules No. 3-10: See rules 1 and 2; when in doubt, refer to rule No. 2.
Well, there's actually a little more to it than that. But by taking a measured, methodical approach, boaters can tackle even the most challenging docking situations and come out looking like a pro — even as the local peanut gallery looks on with their scorecards.
Come Up with a Plan
To paraphrase the old military saw, proper prior planning prevents poor performance. The adage applies to docking whether the boat is a dinghy, a 150-foot motor yacht, or the USS Enterprise.
First and foremost, you must be aware of how your boat handles, particularly at bare steerageway. The more comfortable you become, the more confident you’ll be when trying to slip it into a tight space in a jammed marina.
How do you do this, you ask? Simple.
Seriously. The more time you spend at the helm, the better feel you’ll have. You’ll also become better at anticipating issues before they reach critical mass. I’ve gone so far as to create a “virtual slip” via polyballs and mushroom anchors in open water. It’s a simple matter to re-create your slip with exact dimensions in this manner, allowing you to duplicate a wide variety of docking scenarios with regard to current and wind and to see how your boat responds.
Although wind and current are often significant obstacles for boaters, by thinking out your approach ahead of time and factoring them into the equation, you'll be amazed at what an effective ally Mother Nature can be. Try to set your approach so that the wind and current (although not always possible) help you into the dock.
Other considerations, particularly in new surroundings, are the entry and exit areas to the marina. It's essential not just to know where you are going but also to know where other boats might be coming from, so you can anticipate any interfering traffic in your response.
How wide are the fairways in relation to the length of your vessel? Is that going to cause a problem when turning in or out of the slip? What's the draft of the slip? Do you have to trim up when docking? If so, how drastically will that affect your boat's maneuverability? Are there any bowsprits, railings, or other structures hanging from vessels that might interfere with your maneuvers? What about dinghies or bait cages?
The more alert and aware you are of your surroundings, the fewer problems you’ll have.
And now, a visit from our main sponsor: rule No. 1.
Less damage occurs at a slower speed, and it’ll usually give you plenty of time to make corrections and salvage your approach.
Regardless of whether you are operating a single-engine or multiengine boat, slow, deliberate moves with the throttle work best. Make small, gradual adjustments by bumping the boat in and out of gear, in either forward or reverse. With your helm amidships, this push/ pull of countering thrust is highly effective, allowing you to steer the boat within its own length and without touching the wheel.
You'll also want to avoid short bursts of high power; boats don't have brakes, and once you get ahead of steam on, it's a lot more challenging to slow down. Again, wind and current play an important role here, because an application of additional forward or reverse thrust might be needed to slow or speed up your advance.
Not comfortable with how your approach is going? Then wave it off. Anybody who tells you he’s never had to go around is lying.
Aye, Aye, Captain
More problems are caused when docking beside “that guy” — yeah, the one over there on the dock offering you advice and distracting you from the task at hand. Although he thinks he’s helping, he’s really not. There is only one person solely responsible for your vessel and crew safety: you. So act like it.
Even the most experienced captains and crews have a little pre-docking briefing. Managing the crew and its assigned tasks prior to and during docking is one of the most important (and simplest) things to get a handle on. Go over each crew member's responsibility precisely — and well in advance of docking maneuvers. Also, decide who should remain seated and out of the way until the lines are secure.
Make sure that everyone is aware of your expectations through every stage of docking. For example, I'll determine who I want handling the bow, stern, and spring lines, as well as who is responsible for deploying fenders or fending off from the dock, piling, or seawall. It's also important to let them know in what order you want the boat secured.
Lastly, be sure always to stress safety first: no hands between bulkheads, seawalls, and pilings, and make sure that mooring lines aren't wrapped around hands, legs, or feet.
So, here it is: Never approach the dock faster than you are willing to hit it. Always remember that there’s room for only one captain on your vessel, regardless of size. And when in doubt, always refer to rule No. 2.
Now go boating, and look forward to coming back to the dock instead of dreading it!
Find more great boating information on our blog; Currents.